Indigenous flowers of England
Overview of some flowers
Bee Orchid: It is also known as ‘Ophrys apifera’. It is the perennial and temperate climate type of orchid and usually grows on semi-dry turf, calcareous, limestone or in open woodland areas. It forms an amazing image of a bumblebee sitting on a pink flower. It usually blossoms during the months of June and July.
Summer Snowflake: Its scientific name is ‘Leucojum aestivum’. They are white flowers which look very pure and they hang on long stems is a poetic view given to these flowers by poet and author Geoffery Girgson. Commonly they are called as London lilies and usually grow in the river bed of river Loddon. River side marshy land and wet open woods make for perfect habitat. April-May is their blossoming period. They are annual summer flowers. As they are summer flowers and bright white in color, they are called as “summer snowflakes’.
Foxglove: It is also known by the name ‘digitalis Pupurea’. It has a very interesting name as in “foxglove” people usually think is there anything common in this flowers and foxes? Yes there is! Maybe their habitat is same places like woodland glades and rough banks. Both of them have adapted well and are very comfortable in cities and also in places like parks and waste land of the industrial area in Birmingham. They usually blossom from June-September.
Maltese-cross: Scientifically known as ‘Lychnis chalcedonica’, its presence was seen in Britain in the 16th century. This plant is now grown on waste ground, rubbish tips, or on the road side. It is also called as the ‘Flower of Bristol’. It bears flowers in the month of May, June, July and August.
Chiltern Gentian: This is scientifically known as ‘Gentianella Germanica’. It is one of the prettiest flowers in the small gentians. They mostly grow in Buckinghamshire on its chalk downs. They usually flower in August, when the flowering season of most of the downland flowers is over.
Pasqueflower: Scientifically known as ‘pulsatilla vulgaris’, this was discovered in 1660 by Gog Magog from then on, it’s been a well-known as Cambridgeshire flower. It generally found growing on old earthworks and lives upto its legend which states that these flowers grow on graves of the Vikings. Limestone banks are its ideal natural habitat. It flowers in the month of April.
Cuckooflower: This flower is scientifically called ‘cardamine pratensis’. It is a very delicate flower and grows on wet meadows, lake-banks, pond margins. It is in perfect synchronization with the climate and geographical lay out of the country Cheshire also known as milk-maid; it is here that it grows in abundance. It blossoms in the months of April, May and June.
Cornish heath: Scientifically known as ‘Erica vagnas’. Its lilac flowers of Cornish Heath add an exceptional element to the gorgeousness of the Lizard moors in delayed summer, the only sector of Britain where this plant is found. It likes to grow in a habitat consisting of heaths and flowers. It blossoms in the months of August and September.
Spring Gentian: Scientifically known as ‘Gentiana verna’. Though the Upper Teesdale has no other shrub and plants, botanical enthusiast flock here to see the unforgettable twinkle of deep this blue wink. It usually grows in grassy lands and flowers in the months of May and June.
Grass-of-Parnsassus: Scientifically known as ‘Parnassia Palustrist’, it has the distinction and honor of appearing on the country arms of Cumbria. The name comes from Greece. It’s the “honorary grass” because the cattle on Parnassus valued it. It grows well in wet moors. It blossoms in the month of July, August and September.
Primrose: Scientifically known as ‘Primula Vulgaris’, this stands to be the national flower of England and it is often found in the high-banked lanes of Devon and other countries. Many native paper makers usually give a bunch of these flowers to give the customer a “breath of Devon”. It grows in woods and hedge banks. It blossoms in the months of March, April and May.
Preservation of flora in England
Government of England has taken into account the importance of preserving its flora culture and has taken steps like continued private possession of heritage property, by giving capital tax benefits and reliefs. If the private owner agrees to maintain the property, preserve its character and also reasonable public access and other work is entitled for tax relief.