Indigenous Flowers in India
Gardening in India is very popular and is usually pursued as a hobby. Moreover, India is largely known as the land of farmers. So, vegetation in India is very rich and exotic.
Prominent flowers of India
Rhododendron: Comes from the family Ericaceae and is a genus of flowering plants. Commonly it is known as Azaleas and has got over 1000 species with showy flower displays. The smallest plant is about 10-20cm tall and the tallest is about 50m. Leaves may be deciduous or evergreen and are arranged spirally. They are mainly known for their cluster of large flowers. This native plant of India is also grown in Nepal and infact is the national flower of Nepal.
Lotus: The pride and also the national flower of India, lotus is also known as water lily. It is an aquatic plant with floating broad leaves and bright fragrant flowers. Lotus grows only in shallow waters. The two sub-types of this flower are mainly categorized depending on their color namely the red lotus flower and the white lotus flower. The specialty of this flower is that it floats and has many petals overlapping in a symmetrical pattern. These flowers are mainly famous for their serene beauty and are a delight to watch when they blossom open on the water surface.
Musk Rose: White musk rose is the oldest and most widely spread native flower species of India. It the rose of the Persian poets and also the very famous rose attar is prepared using this flower. It is much more fragrant in the evening. It mostly used to convey different types of feelings and emotions like white rose means peace, while yellow rose means friendship and red rose symbolizes love.
Begonia: It is the genus in the flowering plant and comes from family Begoniaceae. It has over 1500+ species and one of the ten largest angiosperm genera. The plant is mainly terrestrial and rarely epiphytic. Tropical and sub-tropical moist climate is most suitable for its growth. The leaves are usually large, variegated and asymmetric. Thanks to their showy flowers available in white, pink, scarlet and yellow color and also their attractive leaves, these plants are cultivated on large scale. They are forest plants and grow well in shade.
Balsam: It is an easy and quick growing annual summer flower. Usually blooms grow on top of a bushy plant with glossy leaves. It is expected to bloom in about 60-70 days. It belongs to the family of Impatiens. White, pink, red are its common colors. Balsams are mostly grown in large pots to provide enough space for them to grow. It is often grown in balconies and terraces as a show-piece. It is a good bedding and edging plant.
Gloriaosa Lily: The gloriosa lily has rich red blooms with yellow streaks on a climbing vine. It surely adds a splash of life to a garden. The good thing is it is very easy to grow. Climbing lily and Flame lily are its other common names. Its flowers are globular in shape. These flowers are very cute and have a life span of about 4 weeks, but if you cut the flower from the plant, its bulb (flower) shrinks in size.
Globe Amarnath: Its second name is Gomphrena Globosa and it is a decorative garden plant coming from the family of Amarnathaceae. It is an annual plant with thick, flower clusters that are cloverlike and these are often preserved and dried. Amazingly these flowers are petal-less but they do show orange, red, pink and white specialized leaves on its long stalks.
Blue poppy: Also known as ‘Lingholm’ is a very attractive poppy. It is a native Indian plant it is also native to Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal. It blossoms in summer. Its flowers are shallow-cupped and appear 4-5 inches apart. Golden yellow is the color of the anther. They are very hard to grow; but if right conditions are provided they grow easily. Moderately rich, well drained and peaty soil, shade or semi-shade are their basic ideal requirements for growth.
Preservation of vegetation in India
India is very wealthy in terms of flora and fauna it is one of the 12 mega diverse nations of the world. Anyhow, sadly in the last few years, a steady increase in the extinction rate of flora has been observed. In this response, India has substantially expanded its system of national parks and protected areas. India now holds 14 biosphere reserves and 4 of them are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.